Landscape Architecture

To compliment expertise in the areas of natural resources and civil engineering, 3e offers Landscape Architecture Services.  From initial feasibility and planning through construction, our landscape architecture professionals bring comprehensive design strategies and solutions to wide array of projects.  The advantages of having an interdisciplinary team in-house are significant, helping project opportunities and constraints become clear earlier in the process and adding a level of efficiency that saves our clients time and resources.  From site design to master planning, 3e Landscape Architecture Services can provide effective and team-derived solutions to today’s complex challenges.


  • Landscape Architecture Plans for Construction Projects
  • Nutrient Management Plans
  • Sustainable Landscape Designs
  • Landscape Maintenance Plans
  • Natural Resources Management
  • Development of Approved Plant Species Lists
  • Habitat and Plant Inventory

Relevant Project Experience

Nutrient Management Plans for Virginia Community College System, Multiple Campuses (Statewide)

3e completed Nutrient Management Plans (NMP) for Central Virginia Community College, John Tyler Community College, and the six Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) System campuses. The NMP’s include recommendations for the management of turfgrass and the protection of environmentally sensitive areas on campus.  

nutrient management plans for VCCS campuses

Planting Plans for West Fork Mitigation Site (Floyd, Virginia)

planting plans featuring native plants

3e completed the feasibility studies, site selection, and design for a stream and wetland mitigation site on agricultural land to offset after-the-fact impacts of a landfill in Pulaski County. Final design developed for stream and wetland mitigation incorporated a comprehensive planting plan for the site. Planting sites ranged from wetlands, upland areas, riparian buffer areas, and streambank plantings. Planting plan consisted entirely of native species (herbaceous and woody) selected to maximize ecological benefits and planting survival rates. Project was constructed as designed with 3e supervision, including implementation of pit-and-mound microtopography in the constructed wetland cells to improve tree planting retention post-construction. 3e also provided complete construction oversight, including bid document preparation, construction permitting, construction inspections, and annual post-construction monitoring.

Landscape Design for the I-64 Segment II Capacity Improvements Project (City of Newport News to City of Williamsburg, Virginia)

3e completed landscape design for the I-64 Segment II improvements along approximately 7-miles of I-64 between the City of Newport News and Williamsburg, Virginia. The landscape architecture plans for the Exit 243 Interchange, which is the eastern gateway to historic Williamsburg and Busch Gardens, were developed through coordination with VDOT, the City of Newport News, City of Williamsburg, James City County and York County representatives, and guidelines set forth in Section 605 of the VDOT Road and Bridge Specifications. 3e also developed detailed landscape plans for multiple stormwater management and bio-retention facilities, and for screening of those stormwater management facilities from the roadway. In addition, 3e developed landscape plans along the base of sound walls, and adjacent to properties where visual screening was needed. Lastly, 3e provided a reforestation plan for two large contractor yards used on the project. 

landscape architecture services for highway project

Landscape Design for the I-66 Outside the Beltway P3 Project (Prince William and Fairfax Counties, Virginia)

landscape architecture services for highway project

3e is actively working on the I-66 Outside the Beltway project to perform a tree assessment analysis and produce landscape architectural design concepts, renderings and construction plans, specifications and details for the proposed installation of a shared use path (SUP) along Fair Lakes Circle, a commercial corridor in between Fairfax County Parkway and Fair Lakes Parkway in Fairfax County. The scope of work includes recommendations to preserve as many trees as feasible through SUP realignment, alternate SUP construction methods, and tree care techniques before and during construction. The project includes a 10’ wide asphalt multi-use path, landscape design, new retaining walls, bus shelter relocation and the minimization of relocations to existing commercial and street signs, traffic signals, streetlights and utilities. The landscape design entails street trees, buffer plantings for screening a day care center, replacement plantings of trees, shrubs, perennials and annuals slatted to be removed and supplemental plants for both functional purposes such as to provide shade or screening and aesthetic purposes.

Landscape Grounds Maintenance and Vegetation Management Plan, Fort A.P. Hill

3e developed a landscape maintenance plan and stormwater management plan consisting of two component plans developed for severability; one plan to address Conventional Landscaping maintenance practices and requirements and the other plan to address Low Impact Development (LID) (i.e., stormwater management best management practices (BMPs)) maintenance practices and requirements. Both plans included detailed information including maintenance requirements, monitoring requirements, maintenance costs, escalating rates for maintenance activities, and a plant species list authorized for planting on Fort A.P. Hill. The plan incorporated relevant information from guidance documents on such topics as Conservation Landscaping, Sustainable Landscape Designs for Pollinator Conservation, and Sustainable Landscape Designs for Federal Agencies. The plan also included examples of conceptual landscape designs and planting arrangements.

landscape maintenance and vegetation management plans

Vegetation Planning Level Survey, Fort Meade

vegetation surveys

3e provided technical personnel to inventory dominant and co-dominant vegetation communities, inventory potential habitat for protected plant species, identify and rate habitat suitable for restoration and re-forestation. 3e then prepared a report of the inventory findings and provided recommendations for maintenance, preservation and conservation efforts.

Building and Landscape Design for EEE Consulting, Inc. Corporate Office (Mechanicsville, Virginia)

EEE Consulting, Inc. owners and employees decided to "practice what we preach" and committed to evaluate the environmental impacts from our own operation. In May 2009 we moved into a new 5,000-square-foot office building we designed with sustainable features to meet most LEED requirements. Our employees also designed and built the low impact landscaping for the building which includes; rain barrels, rain gardens, native plants, bird feeders, porous sidewalk, and an employee vegetable garden.  Our corporate office was awarded the 2009 Soil and Water Conservation District Urban Conservation Award in November 2009. The National Wildlife Federation deemed the corporate office property a certified wildlife habitat providing the four basic habitat elements needed for wildlife to thrive: food, water, cover and places to raise young. The property attracts a wide diversity of butterflies, birds, bees, moths, toads, skinks, turtles, rabbits, snakes and various insect species.

corporate office landscaping